In 1918 on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month an armistice (temporary cessation of hostilities) was declared between the Allied nations and Germany ending World War 1. That date became commemorated in the U.S. and other countries as Armistice Day. In November 1919 President Wilson proclaimed November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day. The day’s observations included parades, public gatherings, and a brief pause in schools and businesses at 11:00 a.m. On May 13, 1938 it became a Federal holiday. In 1954 President Eisenhower signed a bill changing the name to Veterans Day for veterans of all wars, past and future. Beginning in 1978 the date was set as November 11 and provided that if the date is a Saturday the holiday would be observed on the previous Friday; if it is a Sunday then the holiday is observed on the following Monday. Post 132 has celebrated this holiday every year since 1919.
EDITOR: George L. Glotzbach
CREDITS: Text: HISTORY.com Poster: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs